1. Mans
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    Mans Contributing Member

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    Getting to know a philosopher and writer

    Discussion in 'The Lounge' started by Mans, May 15, 2016.

    Dr. Morteza Motahary was an able contemporary Iranian philosopher and theologian, in addition to his other proficiency. as far as I know he wrote and published about 94 books in the various themes. The part of them had divine backgrounds and a part was about anthropology, human's thoughts, nature, opinions and also religions and societies.
    I translated some parts of one of his books here. I am not an expert in English and translating such philosophy subject was hard for me but however I tried to convert it as the same that it was in the origin language.

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    Here a question arise and it is that, if we connect divine destiny and fate with events directly, without intervention of tools and causes, then the freedom and option of man will be meaningless. But whether with “basic principal of causality” the freedom and option of human is acceptable or the principal of causality is inconsistent with that also? Whether the only way of belief in man’s “freedom of action” is that we don’t link the will and actions of man with an outside cause and accept the first opinion of those three previous believes?

    Many old and modern thoughtful people supposed that the “general principal of causality” is inconsistent with freedom and option of human and inevitably believed in “free” which does mean, the wills that are not connected to any cause and in fact they have accepted the exaggerated statement, though about will of man.

    Apart from that the “general principal of causality” is neither deniable nor exceptive, if we deny the connection between “will” and a cause beyond it, we will have to accept that the actions of man is out of his option, that’s mean, we instead prove a type of freedom for man, we have made him more deprived of freedom!

    Man has been created free, that’s mean he has been given, intellect, thought and will.

    Human, in his action, is not like a stone that has been released from a height and he inevitably falls down toward the ground, under the influence of gravity; and is not like a plant that there is just a limited path in front of it, to absorb foodstuffs and grows up. He also is not like an animal to do something based on his instincts.

    Man always sees himself in the crossroads and is not restricted to choose just one direction. The other paths are not closed on him. Choosing the one path depend on his thought, will, viewpoint and his own volition. That’s mean; it is his way of thinking and choice that specify a special path for him.

    This is where that the character, morality and mentality characteristics, training and genetically records and the level of intellect and foresight of human are brought up, and it turns out that how much a blessed or misery future of everyone is depended on his character, mentality attributes, moral characteristics, his intellectual and educational power and finally the path that he chooses for himself.

    The deference of human with fire that burns; and water that drowns; and plant that grows up and even animal that walk is that, none of them choose their own works and attributes, but human chooses.

    He has been situated always between a few works and a few paths and the finality of choosing the one is only related to his personal will.

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    The rules and systems that dominate on the world are also unchangeable and inconvertible. The nature beings are changing and converting but the nature rules and systems are fixed and unchangeable. The existences in nature are transformable and adaptive and are situated in the different routes, sometimes reach their final perfection and sometimes are stopped, sometimes go fast and sometimes slow. The various factors change their destinies but nature systems are neither changeable nor adaptive and are steady and invariable.

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    This issue has been interpreted otherwise. Some people interpreted it on human scale and said, the realities which their variability is out of human’s ability, their destinies are certain (unchangeable destiny) and the truths that their changes are not in the possession of human their destinies are uncertain (changeable destiny).

    For example, at present, changing climate due to its cold, warmth, snow, rain, winds and also changing the general conditions of the earth in terms of earthquakes, storms and floods is almost impossible. Whether man likes or not, these events take place, so they are the certain affairs and in such happenings divine destiny is certainly.

    But changing social conditions and modifying its affairs by standards of justice, Public welfare, and general bliss is possible for man and the volition of him can changes them. So these are the uncertain affairs and divine destiny is uncertain about them.

    This interpretation is not correct because it hasn’t causality that we can put the power and facilities of man into evidence of the certain or uncertain destinies.

    Some other people have interpreted the certain and uncertain fate and destiny in scale of “fulfill or not fulfill the conditions”. That’s mean; some beings have various facilities and are connected with different causes and are linked to. As much as they are connected with various causes, they are included destiny and in fact their fates are in the hands of those causes. Every cause has a fate for that being and every fate is subject to happening and fulfill of that cause which the fate is in its hand.

    It is obvious which among the various causes and conditions some of them take place and some not. And it is clear that the reason of some causes and conditions which take place and some not, is that the causes and conditions...
     
    Last edited: May 15, 2016
  2. Mans
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    I don't remember when I translated this part of martyr Dr.Motahary's writing and in which of his books it was, but I know my translation remained incomplete and I didn't continue that. Nonetheless, I preferred to send it to this thread so that you become more familiar with philosophy and writing of this knowledgeable and capable philosopher and writer.


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    Whether we will or not and whether we know or not, we are going to the final goal. Receiving a total evolution rate for universe is the proof of final and high goal of universe that is in front of us, and every moment that passes from our life, we approach to the final and goal.

    The reality of the day of observing the result of the life is so true and certain, that it is like a real being that is pursuing you and driving you to the scene.

    Don’t suppose that “the day of observation the result of the life” that will open the pages of the life of humans in front of their eyes is the day that will come after milliards of the days and nights, and everyone will harvest what he had planted.

    In fact, you can’t describe the day of resurrection as “tomorrow”, with a higher look. Because the sequence of the days and nights is included we earthlings that are surrounded by cosmic systems…

    Realizing “the day of observation of the life result” is like a serious provocative song which warns the convoy of humans that are going to the next; this vibrant, meaningful and mysterious movement is toward a very prominent destination that you can’t ignore it.

    The provocative and very serious song of the prominent day that the result of the life will be widespread in front of the eyes of humans, is a part of the total rate of universe that without it, neither a rational definition for our movement and effort in life is imaginable nor for our stasis and static.

    The basic feature of human’s spirit is a fast flight to the highest goal of life. Don’t fasten the feathers and wings of this evermore flying bird.

    Movement dose mean the existence becomes weightless for flight from a position to another. This is the eternal law of evolution. Being light and free from previous position and jumping to another position that is finer, more complete and containing more producer dimensions.

    The human that spend himself with an accurate measurement based on blissful humanity, he has attained getting in the rational life. Reasonable life never leads to mortality and loss and overthrow have not any way to it because reasonable life from growing personality till its end is arriving God’s presence.
     

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