Ory's Writing Notes: Clauses part 1, Independent vs. Dependent Clauses.
Clauses, the climax of writing! Everything we've been working on has lead to this moment, for every part of speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Predicates, subjects, objects, indirect objects, subject complements, object complements, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, interjections, Verbals, and phrases are used in the construction of Clauses.
What is a clause?
A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a predicate. Let me be clear, every simple sentence is a clause, but not every clause is a sentence. (Does that make sense?)
There are two forms a clause can take, independent and dependent.
Independent clauses make sense by themselves. They express a complete thought.
Example: Katie/ went out dancing. (Katie is the subject. Went out Dancing is the predicate.)
Dependent clauses do NOT make sense by themselves. The difference between an independent clause and a dependent clause is that a dependent clause usually starts with a subordinating conjunction, a relative pronoun, a relative adverb, or some other word that turns an independent clause into a dependent clause.
Example: (Although) Katie went out dancing.
The although turns my original independent clause into a dependent clause. For a dependent clause to make sense you need to attach it to an independent clause.
Example: Although Katie went out dancing,/ she did not feel better about her father's death.
Independent: She did not feel better about her father's death. (This makes sense by itself.)
Dependent: Although Katie went out dancing, (This does not make sense by itself.)
A dependent clause can be placed at the start of a sentence, the middle of a sentence (in between the subject and predicate) or at the end of a sentence.
Beginning: Although Katie went out dancing, she did not feel better about her father's death.
Middle: Katie, although she went out dancing, did not feel better about her father's death.
End: Katie did not feel better about her father's death, although she went out dancing.
I'd like to end this blog post with saying that there are three types of dependent clauses: Adjective, adverb, and noun dependent clauses. Due to the complexity of each, we will be looking at them separately instead of them all in one big blog post.
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