Can anyone suggest a methodology to get around the dependence on adverbs? I have used them liberally in the past, they were just so convenient, succinct, and on the nose. They helped me enhance the boring "said" to depict precisely how something was said, like angrily, lustfully, sadlly. Books on writing say "yes" to adverbs that change the meaning, such as "she smiled sadly", but "no" to adverbs that enhance, "she smiled joyfully". But, dang it, there's a zillion ways a person could smile, and an adverb catches exactly the emomtion I want to put behind the physical act of smiling in one word. I know they are a crutch. I know the rule is "show, don't tell", but I'm affraid the writing of and reading of the story will become laborious. In passages I have revised, I find I must replace one adverb, such as "angrily" with twelve words (or more) to "show" actions people would visually interpret as being in anger. Does anyone have a methodology they employ with good effect?