I'm not entirely sure what I hope to achieve by posting this....maybe just to clarify this newly discovered concept for myself....but feel free to post your thoughts and we';; argue it out til we all get it In first person fiction, its often assumed that there has to be an indexical continuity between the narrating-I and the character being narrated. This assumption means that the narrator cannot possibly know the thoughts of other characters, for instance, and yet this often occurs in first person fiction (Moby Dick is the example provided in the account I read - in chapters 38-39, the narrator narrates the thoughts of several other characters, before returning to Ishmael in chapter 41, despite remaining in first person the whole time). Since we cannot simply write this phenomenon off as a mistake or a lapse in authorial skill, it is necessary to consider the possibility of a first person voice that is not the character referred to in the first person (the author proposes this third voice be called the Impersonal Narrative Voice, though notes that it has been more familiarly referred to as 'the spirit of storytelling, a "spirit" that is only able to be referred to in the third person, yet is capable of speaking as the first person). So, what are your thoughts on this? Do you think that this type of voice in fiction is something that could/should be more readily employed, or do you think that the binary of narrating-I/narrated-I should be upheld?