I've been putting a project together for my Human Communication's class for the past few days and my selected subject was the Seletive Services System (I had to pick something relating to people my age and I couldn't think of something more fitting... and everyone else was doing cancer XD). In my searching for info I added a wide range of new fun facts to my trivia listing but I did come across something interesting. There is currently a bill called the United National Services Act, which minus its fancy wording is mostly just a call for the reinstatement of the US draft. It calls that men and women ages 18-48 would be available to be drafted. This same bill came up in 2003, but was beaten 402-2 in the House (I'm actually surprised there were votes at all in favor). I doubt the bill will ever pass just because there is so much against the idea politically, militarily, and socially so I'm not going to bother with that. I have essentially found further proof that politicians are idiots. Charles Rangel, the guy who started the bill founded it on the assumption of two things: 1. That the US military disproportionately consists of the under privileged and minorities while the more privileged are underrepresented or absent. A draft will make the US more representative by forcing the more privileged to join. 2. That there will be a higher standard to pass for entering conflict if all citizens have a stack in fighting in it. Now, the first I now know 100% is false. The military demographically is 78-80% white, and 19-20% black, with the miniscule .001% style statistics for other group. Socio-economic data shows most enlisted come from the middle class. Further, less than 11-12% of the military come from the lowest income bracket, while 25% comes from the highest income bracket. The military actually disproportionatey represents the more privileged than the less privileged and whites are actually overrepresented in the ranks (by a margin of 10%-12% to their representation in total US population). These staticstics are pulled from the Heritage Foundation and the Military's own demographics data. The second reason seems like complete nonsense to me. It assumes that without a draft we hold no opinions, which I think we all know is not true cause most people I've met don't like the Iraq war. Again though I'm sure the bill won't pass. Congressmen care only about reelections, and they won't get reelected by sending their supporter's kids into the military. Rather I'm interested in these questions: Would a draft be more trouble than it's worth? Does the Draft Weaken the military? Should women be drafted? I'm almost certain a draft is more trouble than it's worth. Public opinion against it s so strong throughout US history that using it at any time other than drastic dire emergencies to fill the ranks is foolish (New York Draft Riots). I don't see the military as needing a drastic increase in it's personnel right now. All branches have been maintaining their forces since 2000 as expected and they have to turn a lot of applicants away because there's no room for them. Right now I prefer the Obama plan to expand the ranks of the Army and Marines by 100,000+ personnel. I've talked to my dad, and other family members in the service, and we all agree a draft would weaken the military. Right now it functions as it should with those who want to be in it. I don't see adding those who don't want to be in it helps. It would cause nothing but a long slew of disciplinary problems and trouble maintaining moral (unlike most of the government, I think the military actually learns from it's mistakes. They don't want a repeat of the troubles they had maintaining a fighting force under Vietnam conditions). For the last one I really don't see the point in drafting women. As the military determined in a 1993 review of it's policies and again in 2007, there's no need. The draft only pulls people for combat duty, and women are excluded from all combat roles in the US military except as combat pilots in the Air Force and Navy (which you can't be drafted for. Have to go to the academy for that). A draft of women would be pointless unless the military changes it's policy which I also don't see a need for. Women in ground combat units alongside men present a whole barrel of problems for units under combat stress and the concept of "equality" isn't worth all the trouble that would ensue as a result.