I am wondering when you edit your work, how do you remove and and to be verbs from your writing? Some examples are: His mother skipped in from the kitchen and hugged his dad. His mother that skipped in from the kitched, hugged his dad. I almost wonder if and is stronger in this case than that, so long as the paragraph does have a lot of ands in it already. He set his work suitcase down next to the coat rack and loosened his blue tie. loosening his blue tie, he set his work suitcase down next to the coat rack. What do you feel is the best way to remove and? The boys were frightened and ran away. The boys, frightened, ran away. The frightened boys ran away. The last example slightly changes the meaning, though. However, both remove the to be verb and the word and. The food looked and smelled great. The great smelling food looked good. Then he gripped Clay's neck with his large hand and slammed him against the wall. Then, after he gripped Clay's neck with his large hand, he slammed him against the wall. Then, gripping Clay's neck with his large hand, he slammed him against the wall. The problem is I don't want to use too many ing words, so I try to stay away from them. Clay was all too familiar with these conversations. Clay heard all these conversations before. Suddenly, there was a loud crash at the front door. Suddenly, a loud crash boomed in the living room. I am looking forward to some of your examples and advice.