Is there a correct format for punctuation and quotations? I have seen a number of formats. For instance: "We need to get out of here," John said. "Let's go south." "We need to get out of here," John said, adding, "let's go south." Also, though it's rarer in creative works than factual ones, but just to cover the bases, how does one end material quoted by another? This could be useful information in providing actual quotes before a chapter, as some authors (like Dean Koontz) tend to do. Just coming up with a fictional quote here: "John Doe once told me, 'Never let your guard down.'" - John Smith "John Doe once told me, 'Never let your guard down'." - John Smith The first seems more correct to me.