I'm just wondering if there is a difference between subtext and "Show, don't tell". Is subtext more than show, don't tell or are they the same? For example you can write a dialogue between people who hate each other but instead of writing that they hate each other, you show this by letting them argue and throwing words at each other so the reader understands they don't like each other. If that hatred is not key to the story, it just introduces some dynamics between the characters. Would that also be classified as subtext or would subtext need to have a bigger impact on the plot? Another example. Consider following dialogue between a couple planning their wedding, just when the neighbours are starting another fight: She: "So, what flowers do you like?" He: "What? I can't hear myself think." She: "Oh yeah, they're having a go at each other,again" She: "To bad they're not as happy as we are. Oh, I can't wait for our big day" He: "I guess..." She: "So, we're good with red roses?" He: "I prefer white to be honest. Seems more the colour for a wedding" She: "Seriously? That's so cliche. We'll go for the red ones" He: "I wonder why they are fighting now?" She: "Who cares, let's look at the menu. Do you think we should have something vegetarian" He: "Will we end up like them in a few years?" She: "I'm sure we won't. We're as happy as can be. Veggy dish it'll be" He: "If you say so." It should be obvious he is having some doubts and is not as happy as she is. Is that a better example of subtext or are they both equally valid.